Animals in Schools
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Compliance Process
Categories of Activities
Prohibited Activities
Categories of activities

Activity Category
Observation of animal behaviour. 1
Observation of pets under the owner's control. 1
Excursions to observe animals in their natural surroundings or to zoos and other registered wildlife parks. 1
Excursions to farms for observation of animal behaviour and husbandry activities appropriate to the age, prior experience and maturity of the students. 1
Mustering, drafting (in crush or bailhead), capture, restraint and handling of non-free-living domesticated animals (grooming or holding an animal, collecting a milk sample, non-invasive measurements, leading or riding an appropriately trained animal). 2
Observation of particular animal behaviours, e.g. oestrus, parturition. 2
School performance by outside agencies that have animals as part of their exhibits. 2
Animal welfare organisations bringing animals to school (such as Delta Society programs, RSPCA or WIRES). 2
Collecting and observing frog spawn and tadpoles. 2
Breeding of mice or other appropriate animal in the classroom. 2
The appropriate care of classroom pets. 2
Non-invasive measurement of:
  • body wieght
  • body condition by visual assessment or condition scoring
  • body condition by ultrasound
  • growth
  • body proportions
  • pulse or blood flow
  • respiration
  • skin temperature (non-invasive)
  • age by dentition
  • scrotum and testicles (palpation).
Measurement of mild dietary effects (provided the normal nutritional needs for the life stage of the animals are met):
  • high/normal protein
  • high/normal energy
  • high/normal fat
  • palatability.
Familiarisation activities. 2
Taming/gentling. 3
Training for competition or showing. 3
Tethering animals. 3
Breaking-in cattle or horses. 4
Collection of wool, milk, faeces or urine samples (non-invasive). 2
Collection of saliva. 3
Collection of faeces, ruminal fluid or blood (invasive). 5
Measurement of body temperature (invasive). 3
Administering water as a treatment. 2
Administering a topical treatment to the udder. 2
Administering topical treatment by backline, spray or dip. 3
Administering drench or capsules orally. 3
Administering winged capsules orally. 4
Administering intraruminal, subcutaneous or intramuscular injections. 3
Administering intravenous injections or intrauterine pessaries. 4
Administering injections into the udder. 3
Coat care and grooming. 2
Coat clipping. 3
Ear marking/tagging of livestock. 3
Tattoo application. 3
Hoof paring: sheep and goats. 3
Hoof trimming: cattle. 3
Shearing of sheep and goats. 3
Shearing of alpacas and llamas. 4
Dagging. 3
Crutching. 4
Milking. 3
Putting nose clips on cattle. 3
Nose ringing. 5
Loading and unloading animals onto transporters. 3
Showing animals at school and away. 3
Foot bathing. 3
Fire branding horns of stud sheep. 3
Fire branding of cattle and horses. 4
Freeze branding of cattle and horses. 4
Flystrike treatment. 3
Jetting animals. 3
Using sire harnesses. 3
Restraining with ropes. 3
Castration of lambs by elastrator. 4
Castration of lambs by knife. 4
Castration of lambs by emasculator. 4
Castration of calves by elastrator. 4
Castration of calves by knife. 4
Castration of calves by emasculator. 4
Tail docking of lambs by elastrator. 4
Tail docking of lambs by knife. 4
Tail docking of lambs by gas detailor. 4
Tail docking of piglets by knife. 4
Tooth trimming/removal in piglets. 4
Beak trimming. 4
Tail tagging. 2
Artificial insemination. 5
Semen collection. 5
Pregnancy detection by external ultrasound. 3
Pregnancy detection by rectal palpation. 4
Oestrus synchronisation. 4
Microchip tagging. 4
Horn tipping. 3
Dehorning cattle under six months of age. 4
Detusking boars. 4
Disbudding calves and kids. 4
Mulesing of sheep. 5
Slaughter/euthanasia of stock. 5

The Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act 1975 (NSW) describes the legal ages for some animal husbandry practices for particular species. These are as follows:

Activity Species Legal age
less than 2 months
Cattle, sheep, goats
less than 6 months
Tail docking
less than 6 months
less than 12 months
less than 1 month
less than 12 months

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