Kindergarten -Year 6 Curriculum

What will my child learn?

Learning in Kindergarten to Year 6 focuses on six key learning areas (KLAs):

  • English 
  • Mathematics
  • Science and Technology
  • Personal Development, Health and Physical Education
  • Human Society and Its Environment
  • Creative Arts

Each syllabus has a set of aims, objectives and outcomes, organised as knowledge and understanding, skills, values and attitudes.

Syllabus documents for each key learning area are available from the Board of Studies, Teaching and Educational Standards NSW.

How will my child learn?

Primary learning includes whole-class, group and individual activities designed to develop students as self-motivated learners. Students will learn through active participation in a variety of engaging experiences in the classroom which prepares them for lifelong learning.

Literacy and numeracy skills are important for communicating and understanding the world. These aspects of learning are critical to success across all key learning areas.

Primary schools in NSW follow a curriculum based on stages of learning. Each stage is equivalent to two school years, with Early Stage 1 being the exception.

  • Early Stage 1 : Kindergarten
  • Stage 1: Years 1 and 2
  • Stage 2: Years 3 and 4
  • Stage 3: Years 5 and 6

How will my child’s learning be assessed?

Assessment of students' learning is an ongoing process. Assessment is used to identify student needs, inform future lessons and gauge achievement. Teachers use a variety of ways to assess their students, for example: observations, work samples, discussions and peer and self-assessment. Teachers will formally communicate student achievement twice a year in the form of a written report. These reports contain feedback of students' achievement against stage outcomes in each key learning area. In Early Stage 1, reports contain comments and effort gradings. In Years 1-6, reports contain comments and grading on a 5 point achievement scale, using A-E or the word descriptors: Outstanding, High, Sound, Limited and Basic. Each school determines its own reporting processes including written reports, student portfolios, student-led conferences and parent interviews.

The Public Schools Curriculum planning and programming, assessing and reporting to parents, K-12 policy is available on the NSW DEC website.

Best Start Kindergarten Assessment

The Best Start Kindergarten Assessment helps teachers identify the literacy and numeracy skills of each student at the beginning of Kindergarten.

The Best Start Kindergarten Assessment helps teachers identify the literacy and numeracy knowledge and skills that each child brings to school as they enter Kindergarten, to inform the development of quality teaching and learning programs.

National Assessment Program Literacy and Numeracy (NAPLAN)

Students in Years 3, 5, 7 and 9 sit for the National Assessment Program Literacy and Numeracy (NAPLAN) test in May each year. The assessments are an opportunity for students to demonstrate what they have learned in class.

For information about NAPLAN, please go to the Board of Studies, Teaching and Educational Standards website and follow the links to NAPLAN.

Your local school will assist with information regarding learning support that is specifically designed for your child.


Information about other programs and services such as Rural and Distance Education and Reading Recovery can be found at Supporting Students: Programs and Services

How can I support my child’s learning at home?

Recent research indicates that parent engagement has a 40% to 60% influence on student achievement.

Simple ways to engage with your child's learning is to:

  • talk to your child about learning and school with a positive attitude
  • discuss how they learn new things
  • link what is learnt in school to home activities e.g. cooking, gardening, family occasions
  • encourage reading, writing and numeracy activities at home
  • focus on activities which are directed at building students' decision-making, problem-solving skills and independence
  • attend and support school functions and activities whenever possible. This builds a healthy relationship between school and home.

The National Numeracy and Literacy Week in NSW website has some excellent resources for parents to support their child's learning in literacy and numeracy.

Further information is available on the Preschool to Year 6 section of the Department's website.